EL ALFABETO

ALPHABET

 

A (a) B (be) C (ce) CH (che)
D (de) E (e) F (efe) G (ge)
H (hache) I (i) J (jota) K (ka)
L (ele) Ll (elle) M (eme) N (ene)
Ñ (eñe) O (o) P (pe) Q (cu)
R (erre) S (ese) T (te) U (u)
V (uve) W (uve doble) X (equis)
Y (i griega)

Z (zeta)

   

 

Important things to know about the Spanish alphabet

1.- "B/V" are pronounced the same, there is no difference in the sound /b/

VASO BESO VISA BOLSO VUELO

2.- "C" has two different pronunciations: (1) is like /θ/ when it is followed by "E" or "I" as in

CELOSO CIELO CEREZA CIRUELA CERCO

(2) is like /k/ when it is followed by "A, O or U" as in

CARTA CORONA CUERO COCHE CAMA

3.- "G" has 2 possible pronunciations: (1) is like /x/ when it is followed by "E or I" as in

GENTE GIGANTE GENIO GITANO  

(2) is like /g/ when it is followed by "A, O or U" as in

GATO GORRA GUAPO GASA GOTA

When "G" is followed by "UE" or "UI", the "U" does not sound and the "G" sounds like /g/ as in

GUERRA GUISO GUERRERO GUINEA  

4.- "H" does not sound, it is "muda" (mute). For example:

HABA HENO HIELO HOLA HUECO

5.- "Q" is always written together with a "U" (which does not sound) and it is always followed by "E or I". For example:

QUESO QUISO QUERER QUITAR  

6.- "W" is a letter which is not original in Spanish, it has been imported from other languages, therefore, there are only a handful of words which begin with this letter and the pronunciation is (1) as the English "W" as in WHISKY or WEB (2) as "B" like in

WATIO or

WOLFRAM.

   

 

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